The more highly differentiated a company and the greater the market turbulence to which it is subjected and the greater the economies of scale it has achieved, the more difficult yet crucial it is to integrate all its parts coherently, respond fast to market waves and dips, and to manufacture as flexibly and economically as possible. - Charles Hampden-Turner.
individual excellence/organizational performance
portfolio mgmt/cash cows, stars, dogs, ?
technical/social - Emery & Trist -> sociotechnical
economies of scale/product variety
centralized/decentralized -> distributed
expansion rate/capacity expansion
strained workload/budgetary constraints
profit goals/expand capacity
expand business/expand profits
short term/long term
control outcomes/include people
incremental improvement/system-wide focus (innovation/creativity)
personal advancement/organizational advancement